Glossary beginning with C

Carlton Crew

A group of alleged criminals involved in the Melbourne ‘Gangland War’. The Crew was formed by Alphonse Gangitano and takes its name from its base in the Melbourne suburb of Carlton.


Compelling; a magnetic personality.


An influential working class movement which fought for political and social reform in Britain.  Chartism began in the UK between 1838 and 1848 and inspired other movements and unionism in Australia. The name derives from the People’s Charter of 1838.

Circuit court

A court that travels to hear cases in remote areas.


Generally done by filing a claim with the authorities after another party had 'pitched' but had not completed their paperwork.


Logging which clears most or all trees in a forest or given wooded area.


An inclination to fight

Commission hearing

When an issue is presented to a legal tribunal or commission which can generally act on the findings of the hearing.


A group of people who have chosen to live together.


A group of people who have chosen to live together.

Commuted to life

Convicts sentences were often reduced from the death penalty to the lesser penalty of life imprisonment.


Look at similarities and differences.


A desire to maintain traditions and traditional gender roles.


To make stronger; to reinforce.


A system of principles used to govern a state, nation or other organisation.


Focus on how ideas in the question are different.


An commonly used set of rules.


A European word, based on the Aboriginal caribberie, which refers to Indigenous ceremonial meetings, often involving singing, dancing and the telling of Dreamtime stories.

Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation

A government body established in 1991 "to improve the relationships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the wider Australian community."

Cranial regions

Parts of the skull.

Creeping Barrage

Multiple shells  forming a barrier to be used in front of troops as they advance towards the enemy.

Crown land

Land that is not privately owned so it is is legally owned and managed by the State or Federal governments.


A curator is a person who is responsible for the collection, exhibition and interpretation of items in a cultural organisation.

Currency lads and lasses

The first generation of free children born to convicts in Australia. Named after the pound currency used in the colonies, compared to the British Sterling. A lad is another word for a boy and a lass is a girl.


Huge, derived from the 'Cyclops' of Ancient Greek Mythology, the one-eyed giant.