The conclusion

Your conclusion is the last paragraph of your essay and the last thing your reader will read, so it needs to be memorable. A conclusion:

  • links back to the introduction
  • summarises your key points
  • restates your main idea
  • should never contain any new information.

Once you've covered these basic elements, think about the ‘So what?' factor – whether your essay stands out from the crowd. Ask yourself:

  • Why should anyone care about what I've written in this essay?
  • How do my ideas add to what we know about the topic?
  • If you can answer these questions, you're on your way to a great essay.
Writing your introduction and conclusion around the same time makes sure they're clearly related to each other.