Types of essays
The most common type of essay is the analytical essay, which requires you to develop an argument and support your ideas with evidence. The following are some of the different types of analytical essays:
In a comparative essay, you describe similarities and differences in the question, which sets up two opposing ideas. This type of question usually starts with task words like ‘compare' or ‘contrast'.
An argumentative essay is when you develop your own argument from a general essay question. The question might be a quotation describing a number of different ideas, followed by the word ‘discuss'.
Discursive and comparative essays are both types of argumentative essays.
Most of the essays you write at school require you to develop an argument and then prove it with evidence from your research.