Australia entered the war with a small unprepared army and limited powers to improve it.
It would be nearly four years before the Government would obtain the power to conscript men for overseas service. By the end of the war, Australian men and women had served in Europe, Asia and Northern Africa.
A hard fought battle along a narrow jungle track created a legend in Australian history.
Major Arthur Moon saved lives in the Japanese prison camps, and kept a secret record of his work.
Australia was a destination for European Jews escaping from the terror of the Nazi genocide.
The defence of Tobruk against a seemingly unstoppable German army was a much-needed morale booster for the Allied forces.
Crete was a defeat for the Allied forces, but it was a fighting retreat, remembered with pride.